Cancer Hematopoiesis and Immunology
Harnessing Stem and Immune Cell Populations for Cancer Research
Cancer Hematopoiesis and Immunology Specific Aims
Aim 1: Mechanisms
Elucidate molecular mechanisms regulating immune and non-immune hematopoietic cell function during homeostasis, cancer progression and cellular therapy.
Aim 2: Crosstalk
Understand mechanisms of cross-talk between immune cells and non-immune cells in cancer therapy and HCT.
Aim 3: Translation
Define key concepts, approaches, and reagents in preclinical studies and translate selected advances into the clinic to improve cancer outcomes and quality of life for patients and caregivers.
The Cancer Hematopoiesis and Immunology Program seeks to define the role of stem and immune cell populations in the behavior of cancer. Through discovery, our team works to identify insights from cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate both normal and malignant stem and immune cell populations, including:
- Explaining the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms regulating the function of the immune system and stem cells and the cross-talk between these cells and cancer cells
- Understanding the role of tissue microenvironment on cancer immunity and stem cell transplantation
- Defining the key concepts, approaches and reagents in preclinical studies to explore translation of the most compelling advances in stem cell transplantation
Leading edge research resulting from these efforts has led to several state-of-the-art cellular and small molecule approaches to interrupt these immune processes. These innovations have been translated into clinical trials.
Cancer Hematopoiesis Research Focuses on Microenvironments
Guided by skilled co-leaders Ryan Wilcox, M.D., Ph.D. and Weiping Zou, M.D., Ph.D., the successful Cancer Hematopoiesis and Immunology Program integrates the basic science of microenvironments with cancer immunity. These small-scale organism environments include bone marrow, lung and gut microbial tissue and cells that make up a tumor’s environment.
Our scientists study the interactions between T cells and stromal cells within tumors. Leading immunology researchers then define the mechanisms by which tumors avoid rejection by the immune system and develop strategies to prevent them.
Three-Pronged Immunology Program Built for Success
- Our leadership and team members have a demonstrated record of successful and productive laboratory-based collaborations that are helping to define better ways to treat cancer through research and discovery.
- With the full support of Shared Resources, our team members have access to the technology needed for research endeavors, including Immunologic Monitoring.
- Other Rogel Cancer Center-wide support that benefit program members include:
- A state-of-the-art, Good Manufacturing Practice-compliant, Cellular Therapy Core
- The Immunotherapy Working Group that conceives interventional trials
- The interdisciplinary Immune and Cellular Therapy clinical service that delivers therapy
Preventing Graft-vs.-Host Disease (GVHD)
Cancer Hematopoiesis and Immunology researchers are at the leading edge of understanding graft-vs.-host disease, the common and deadly side effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplants. Research seeks to prevent GVHD while preserving the graft-vs.-tumor effect – the transplant immunotherapy potency against leukemia and other blood cancers. The program has made a significant impact in this field, including uncovering novel biological insights into the biology of GVHD, the discovery of critical biomarkers that diagnose, predict and prognosticate GVHD, and translation of novel concepts into treatment and prevention of GVHD in patients.